By Harry G. Byars
This bestseller is written for those that usually are not corrosion experts, yet who've an curiosity and/or accountability for corrosion regulate in oil and gasoline construction operations. The ebook contains eleven chapters that include info on corrosion fundamentals, different types of corrosion, fabrics choice, protecting coatings, cathodic safeguard, chemical remedy, keep an eye on of the corrosive atmosphere, corrosion detection, and keep watch over tracking.
desk of Contents
2. Corrosion fundamentals
three. different types of Corrosion (Types of Corrosion)
four. fabrics choice - Metals
five. fabrics choice - Nonmetallics
6. protecting Coatings
7. Cathodic defense
eight. Chemical remedy
nine. regulate of the Corrosive atmosphere
10. Corrosion Detection and regulate tracking
eleven. Corrosion keep watch over courses and Economics
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Extra info for Corrosion Control in Petroleum Production - TPC Publication 5
G. Kobrin (Houston,TX: NACE, 1993): p. 45. T. , and H. Van Droffelaar. Corrosion and its Control-An Introduction to the Subject, 2nd ed. Houston, TX: NACE, 1995. Landrurn, R. J. Fundamentals of Designing for Corrosion-A Corrosion Aid for the Designer. Houston, TX: NACE, 1989. 392 CHAPTER 2 CORROSION BASICS 35 Note: 1. The table provides three decimal places to aid interpolation. When computing saturation values to be used with measured values, such as in computing DO deficit in a receiving water, precision of measured values will control choice of decimal places to be used.
In such instances corrosion may be accelerated, and pitting is more likely. Corrosion rates usually increase with velocity. High velocities and/or the presence of suspended solids or gas bubbles can lead to erosion-corrosion, impingement, or cavitation. CHAPTER 2: CORROSION BASICS 33 REFERENCES 1. NACE Standard MR0175-98, "Sulfide Stress Cracking Resistant Metallic Materials for Oilfield Equipment" Section 2, Definitions (Houston, TX: NACE). 2. R. Tuttle, private communication, October 1997. 3.
A common cause of pitting in carbon steel is the formation of local cells due to the partial breakdown or destruction of protective scales. When a corroding metal becomes covered with a corrosion product that is dense and adherent, the product protects the metal from its environment, and corrosion slows down and may ultimately cease. The anodic areas corrode preferentially and result in pitting. H2S and carbon dioxide (COP)are two corrosives that frequently cause pitting of oilfield equipment. Oxygen is also a major cause of pitting even when present in extremely small quantities.