By Jochen Clasen
This ebook takes inventory of significant and up to date advancements in welfare coverage within the united kingdom and Germany. focusing on developments because the Nineteen Nineties it compares the similarities and ameliorations among the 2 international locations and analyses the measure to which social attitudes in the direction of welfare provision, equity, and social justice have replaced. It makes a speciality of the coverage parts which have been quite affected in recent times and examines switch and attainable convergence throughout 3 public coverage domain names: family members coverage, pensions and regulations geared toward social and labour industry integration. The booklet covers either public provision in addition to the position of company-based social safeguard. according to new empirical survey learn in addition to concentration team interviews, the contributions examine the ways that social guidelines have tailored to universal and country-specific demanding situations, and supply an knowing of the altering welfare landscapes within the united kingdom and Germany.
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Extra info for Converging Worlds of Welfare?: British and German Social Policy in the 21st Century (Creating Sustainable Growth in Europe)
One of the leading analysts of comparative welfare values points out on the basis of an extensive analysis of ISSP data: ‘expectations that attitudes towards welfare policies should differ systematically between different welfare regimes receive little support’ (Svallfors 2003: 513). In fact, in his analysis the differences in attitudes between pairs of countries that are typically identiﬁed as members of the same regime group are greater than the differences between regime groups. 1: Attitudes to welfare: % agreeing + strongly agreeing Germany UK (2006) ESS (2006) Income differences in Germany/ UK are too large Government should reduce income differences Government should spend more on the poor It is important the people are treated equally and have equal opportunities 81 58 ESS (2006) 76 61 38 63 57 36 73 73 Right that people with higher incomes are allowed to buy better health care: Yes 18 48 (2004) No 75 24 Right that people with higher incomes are allowed to buy better education for their children: Yes 12 50 (2004) No 79 24 N 1000 2786 3748 1877 some relationship between regime type and welfare state attitudes (Arts and Gelissen 2001: 283; Linos and West 2003; Jaeger 2006).
However, both countries, Britain and Germany, have introduced reforms in order to enhance the sustainability and adaptability of their welfare systems. We start from the 15 Welfare Values hypothesis that the need for sustainable welfare state intervention has advanced on the agenda. Increasingly future-orientated criteria such as the enhancement of human and social capital, the impact of welfare on work incentives and individual conceptions of responsibility and the management of an increasingly diverse population are important in policy making (Esping-Andersen et al.
Social beneﬁts were cut back and entitlements made stricter, culminating in the abolition of insurance-based unemployment beneﬁts in 1996 and its amalgamation with means-tested assistance in the time-limited and conditional Job Seeker’s Allowance. The state contributory pension scheme was also restructured to reduce entitlements over a twenty-year period to about half of what had been originally planned and an ambitious programme to expand private pensions across the workforce was implemented (Taylor-Gooby and Mitton 2008).