By Dan Stone
Common & international historical past. focus camps are a comparatively new invention, a ordinary function of 20th century conflict, and one who is critical to the trendy worldwide realization and identification. even supposing the main well-known focus camps are these less than the Nazis, using focus camps originated a number of many years ahead of the 3rd Reich, within the Philippines and within the Boer battle, and so they were used back in different destinations, no longer least in the course of the genocides in Bosnia and Rwanda. they've got develop into defining symbols of humankind's lowest element and basest acts. during this publication, Dan Stone provides an international background of focus camps, and exhibits that it's not in basic terms "mad dictators " who've manage camps, yet in its place all forms of states, together with liberal democracies, that experience made use of them. Read more...
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Extra info for Concentration camps : a short history
Melita Maschmann, for example, author of a memoir of growing up in Nazi Germany, claimed that: Our camp community was a miniature model of what I imagined the racial community [Volksgemeinschaft] to be. It was a completely successful model. I have never before or after experienced so good a community, not even in places which were more homogeneous in every respect. Amongst us women there were farmers, students, workers, shop assistants, hairdressers, school pupils, ofﬁce workers and so on. The camp was led by an East Prussian farmer’s daughter who had never before been outside of her own home The Third Reich’s World of Camps region [Heimat] .
Just as this attack on the Jews presaged the large-scale persecution to come, so the camp system began rapidly to expand just before the start of the war. Large numbers of Czechs, veterans of the Spanish Civil War, and, especially, Poles boosted the The Third Reich’s World of Camps numbers of camp inmates in , which rose to ,, and new camps began to open, such as Auschwitz. The latter was neither originally a camp speciﬁcally for Jews nor a death camp, but was designed to hold Polish political prisoners.
The Chinese too, under the Nationalist Government (–), set up concentration camps for political enemies, assisted in the process by the Germans and the Americans. Among them was General Alexander von Falkenhausen, a friend of Lothar von Trotha, the man responsible for suppressing the Herero in German South-West Africa, who advised the Chinese on the basis of Origins German and British experience in the colonies, as well as his own role in putting down the Boxer uprising. The Guomindang was also advised by American ofﬁcers.