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Cognitive Models of Science by Ronald Giere

By Ronald Giere

Booklet by way of Giere, Ronald

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Psychological studies all start from the assumption that how people represent mentally is reflected in their use of language, and there is good reason to make the same assumption here. Since I have dealt with the kinematics of conceptual change extensively, though far from exhaustively, in my book and in a number of articles (Nersessian 1985, 1986, and in press[ a]), I want the focus of this essay to be its dynamics. We need to keep in mind, though, that the two problems are connected. In order to be complete a cognitive theory will have to determine how the historical data on the individual units of change- "concepts"- mesh with those from psychology and also with attempts at constructing psychologically realistic representational systems in artificial intelligence.

And H. Simon. 1988. The Processes of Scientific Discovery: The Strategy of Experimentation. Cognitive Science 12:139-75. Lakatos, I. 1970. Falsification and the Methodology of Scientific Research Programmes. In Criticism and the Growth of Knowledge, ed. I. Lakatos and A. Musgrave, 91-195. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. - - . 1971. History of Science and Its Rational Reconstructions. Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science, ed. R. C. Buck and R. S. Cohen, vol. 8. Dordrecht: Reidel.

1989. Explanatory Coherence. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 12:435-67. van Fraassen, B. C. 1980. The Scientific Image. Oxford: Oxford University Press. - - . 1989. Laws and Symmetry. Oxford: Oxford University Press. , and S. Carey. 1983. When Heat and Temperature Were One. In Mental Models, ed. D. Gentner and A. Stevens. : Erlbaum. PART I MODELS FROM COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY This page intentionally left blank Nancy J. Nersessian - - - - - - - - - - How Do Scientists Think? Capturing the Dynamics of Conceptual Change in Science The Scene August 19, 1861, a cottage in Galloway, Scotland.

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