By Rodolfo Jacobson
This quantity on codeswitching comprises analyses through a number of foreign students facing language combos in eleven assorted settings. The authors deal with a few matters resembling: codeswitching as an index of language shift; language alteration; types of descriptions; and devices of research.
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Extra resources for Codeswitching Worldwide. I
A. POURQUOI? Why? ' b. C A VA RETARDER TROPDE That will delay FAUT, complicate VA too many things, then that will NOUS COMPLIQUER L'EXISTENCE. us CHOSES, PUIS £A hna, CE QU'LL NOUS, the existence. Us, this which it us E'EST L'EFFICACITE. lacks 'it is the efficiency. 'It will delay too many things, then it will make life more complicated. ' Other examples which we feel could plausibly be seen as such "leaks" include the use, in French-dominated discourse, of relatively uninformative elements functioning as fillers.
I tend to think that this use of the alternative word order in Turkish is not just syntactically motivated, but that it is also related to the asymmetrical contact setting (without reference to the concept of matrix language in a particular discourse setting). Thus, structures like (2) and (3) are predicted not to occur in a contact setting in which Turkish would be the dominant language and Dutch (German) the immigrant language. These Moluccans, 90% of whom were from the island of Ambon, were forced to migrate to the Netherlands in the early fifties.
It is perhaps also worth noting that, as we have shown elsewhere, discourse involving this more or less balanced alternation at clause level tends to be characteristic of the speech of bilinguals who are highly proficient in both languages rather than of those who are more at ease in Arabic (Bentahila—Davies 1991: 369—403, 1992: 443-458). 6. Switching mechanisms and the distribution of switch types In fact, the distinction between different mechanisms of switching which we have proposed, together with a recognition of the different levels at which the languages involved may be seen as unequal, may make it easier to explain why particular types of switch may be frequent in one data set but rare or non-existent in another.