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Citizen participation in science policy by James C. Petersen

By James C. Petersen

The 1st book-length research of citizen participation within the formula of medical and technical coverage. Twelve essays and case experiences research vital examples of citizen activism, position them in the context of bigger participatory routine, discover the range of varieties citizen participation may well take, and view new possible choices for public involvement. certain realization is given to public overall healthiness coverage and nuclear strength improvement. extra members are: Jayanta Bandyopadhyay, Barry Checkoway, Daryl Chubin, Diana Dutton, Rachelle Hollander, John P. Hunt, Neil H. Katz, Sheldon Krimsky, Jane Kronick, Dorothy Nelkin, Alan Porter, Frederick A. Rossini, Randy Rydell, and Vandana Shiva.

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Langton, Stuart, ed. 1978. Citizen Participation in America. Lexington, Massachusetts: Lexington Books. Lasch, Christopher. 1979. The Culture of Narcissism. New York: Warner Books. , eds. 1980. Politics, Science, and Cancer: The Laetrile Phenomenon. Boulder, Colorado: Westview. Mazur, Allan. 1981. The Dynamics of Technical Controversy. : Communications Press. Milbrath, Lester, and Goel, M. L. 1977. Political Participation, 2d ed. Chicago: Rand McNally. Nelkin, Dorothy. 1975. " Social Studies of Science 5:3 5-54.

Others worry about the potential misuse of scientific findings: for example, critics of research on recombinant DNA, on the XYY chromosome, and on the relationship between genetics and intelligence question the implications of relating genetically mediated characteristics to human behavior. " Still others are concerned about equity both in the allocation of resources to science and technology and in the distribution of social and environmental costs. It is often argued that changing attitudes toward science reflect disappointed expectations.

At the same time, I do not think many Americans would welcome the use of violence as a normal way to provide input into the decision-making process. Clearly, we need to develop mechanisms that provide citizens with real opportunities to shape policies before the basic parameters become fixed. Public hearings can be improved through such devices as advance publicity in nontechnical language, interactive procedures, technical assistance to participants, and posthearing follow-ups (Checkoway, 1980).

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