By Richard Bird
Why, in a systematic age, do humans many times flip to astrologers, mediums, cultists, and each type of irrational practitioner instead of to technology to satisfy their non secular wishes? the reply, in line with Richard J. fowl, is that technological know-how, specially biology, has embraced a view of lifestyles that renders meaningless the coincidences, serendipities, and different probably major occurrences that fill people's daily life.
Evolutionary biology rests at the assumption that even if occasions are essentially random, a few are chosen simply because they're greater tailored than others to the encompassing global. This publication proposes an alternate view of evolving complexity. fowl argues that randomness ability now not illness yet endless order. Complexity arises no longer from many random occasions of traditional choice (although those usually are not unimportant) yet from the "playing out" of chaotic structures -- that are most sensible defined mathematically. after we effectively comprehend the advanced interaction of chaos and existence, chicken contends, we are going to see that many occasions that seem random are literally the result of order.
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Extra resources for Chaos and Life: Complexity and Order in Evolution and Thought
What are its necessary interactions with other cells? How did the nucleic acids arise in the ﬁrst place and what is the function (if any) of the noncoding (silent 26 THE CRISIS IN BIOLOGY or redundant) sequences within them? Why do they contain numerous and sometimes extended repeat sequences? Why does natural selection not enable us to predict, or even account for, the form of an organism? Why does evolution seem to proceed toward ever greater levels of complexity? These questions can be answered only at a biological level, and chemistry by itself cannot advance our understanding of them one jot.
Since the dominance of chemical rather than biological thinking has produced such rich rewards, it is supposed that it will solve all problems. This attempt to ﬁt biology into an inappropriate framework has led to only the molecular biology approach being considered acceptable while all others are neglected. CHEMICAL THINKING By chemical thinking I mean thinking that is based on the view that chemical processes are the causal agents in biological organisms. This model takes the view that once you have identiﬁed the components of the system and their possible interactions, all the problems have been potentially solved.
Not so; in fact, the problems faced by biology today are the same as those faced by other sciences, but they are more acute paradoxes because biology deals with the most complex of all systems—those that we class as living things. What is to blame, once again, is the failure of the prevailing approach— the random-selection paradigm—and its constituent elements. Biology has at the moment no clear direction, it is making little progress toward its proper goal, and it is merely being distracted from that goal by inappropriate theorizing.