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Historical Dictionary of Hinduism by Bruce M. Sullivan

By Bruce M. Sullivan

With a heritage of over 3 and a part millennia, and over 800 million adherents, Hinduism is among the world's biggest and so much diversified spiritual traditions. The old Dictionary of Hinduism offers the Hindu non secular tradition's significant occasions, members, texts, sects, and ideas within the context of its historic improvement via numerous sessions. furthermore, sacred Hindu pilgrimage websites, the rituals played as non secular practices, the manifestations of Hindu spiritual sensibilities in biography, paintings, the caste method of social association, mythology, and the theories of salvation constructed during the background of Hinduism also are awarded. A pronunciation advisor to Sanskrit and Tamil, and a chronology of the heritage of Hinduism are included.Those who research Hinduism will locate the bibliography, prepared less than ten topical headings and together with fundamental and secondary resources, relatively helpful for his or her examine.

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Prophets, Poets & Philosopher-Kings by Abhijit Basu

By Abhijit Basu

Historic India - the place Vishvaamitra via Vedic austerities and Yaajnavalkya via Vedantic perception, explored the hovering degrees of human realization; the place Valmiki and Kalidasa created elegant poetry; the place Rama and Yudhishthira governed with a fantastic composite of knowledge, welfare and justice because the stuff in their royal sceptres; and the place Lord Krishna spoke the wondrously common philosophy of the Bhagavad Gita - theses gem stones from the treasures of India's non secular and literary history, shape the subjects that hyperlink this quantity of recent essays.

While those tales were advised and retold, interpreted and re-interpreted via millennia, this fluent and stress-free narrative, offers a trip of exploration and research to discover new meanings within the historical phrases - them in the course of the prism of a latest, liberal and humanistic world-view.

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The Samnyasa Upanisads: Hindu Scriptures on Asceticism and by Patrick Olivelle

By Patrick Olivelle

The 1st readable and actual translation of twenty of the main authoritative Hindu records referring to ascetic beliefs and the ascetic lifestyle, this article opens to scholars a massive resource for the learn of the Hindu ascetical associations and of the ancient alterations they underwent in the course of a interval of 1000 years or extra. starting with an research of the historic context that gave upward push to Indian ascetical associations and ideologies, Patrick Olivelle strikes directly to elucidate the which means of renunciation--the crucial establishment of holiness in such a lot Hindu traditions--and the functionality and importance of a number of the components that represent the ceremony of renunciation. The Samnyasa Upanisads could be an unheard of resource of data and perception for college kids of Hinduism and Indian eticism, mysticism, and holiness.

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Peasants and Monks in British India by William R. Pinch

By William R. Pinch

During this compelling social historical past, William R. Pinch tackles some of the most vital yet so much ignored fields of the colonial background of India: the relation among monasticism and caste. The hugely unique inquiry yields wealthy insights into the important constitution and dynamics of Hindu society--insights that aren't in basic terms of scholarly but additionally of significant political significance.Perhaps no pictures are extra linked to rural India than the peasant who labors in an oppressive, rigid social constitution and the ascetic monk who denounces worldly issues. Pinch argues that, opposite to those stereotypes, North India's priests and peasants haven't been passive observers of heritage; they've got usually been engaged with questions of identification, prestige, and hierarchy--particularly throughout the British interval. Pinch's paintings is mainly thinking about the methods each one workforce manipulated the rhetoric of spiritual devotion and caste to extra its personal schedule for social reform. even supposing their goals can have been really different--Ramanandi monastics labored for social fairness, whereas peasants agitated for better social status--the thoughts hired via those groups formed the preferred political tradition of Gangetic north India in the course of and after the fight for independence from the British.

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Yoga and Psychology: Language, Memory, and Mysticism by Harold G. Coward

By Harold G. Coward

Harold Coward explores how the mental elements of Yoga philosophy were very important to highbrow advancements either East and West. Foundational for Hindu, Jaina, and Buddhist proposal and non secular perform, Patañjali's Yoga Sutras, the classical assertion of japanese Yoga, are designated of their emphasis at the nature and value of mental strategies. Yoga's impression is explored within the paintings of either the seminal Indian philosopher Bhartrhari (c. six hundred C.E.) and between key figures in Western psychology: founders Freud and Jung, in addition to modern transpersonalists comparable to Washburn, Tart, and Ornstein.

Coward exhibits how the yogic inspiration of mental strategies makes Bhartrhari's philosophy of language and his theology of revelation attainable. He is going directly to discover how Western psychology has been encouraged by means of incorporating or rejecting Patañjali's Yoga. the results of those developments in Western notion for mysticism and reminiscence are tested besides. This research ends up in a outstanding perception, specifically, that there's a the most important distinction among japanese and Western proposal with reference to how constrained or perfectible human nature is—the West retaining that we as people are psychologically, philosophically, and spiritually constrained or fallacious in nature and therefore now not perfectible, whereas Patañjali's Yoga and jap suggestion usually hold the other. assorted Western responses to the jap place are famous, from whole rejection through Freud, Jung, and Hick, to various levels of reputation by means of transpersonal thinkers.

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Invading the Sacred: An Analysis of Hinduism Studies in by Krishnan Ramaswamy

By Krishnan Ramaswamy

India, as soon as an immense civilizational and financial strength that suffered centuries of decline, is now newly resurgent in company, geopolitics and tradition. in spite of the fact that, a strong counterforce in the American Academy is systematically undermining center icons and beliefs of Indic tradition and proposal. for example, students of this counterforce have disparaged the Bhagavad Gita as a unethical booklet ; declared Ganesha's trunk a limp phallus ; labeled Devi because the mom with a penis and Shiva as a infamous womanizer who incites violence in India; stated Sri Ramakrishna a pedophile who sexually molested the younger Swami Vivekananda; condemned Indian moms as being much less loving in their little ones than white ladies; and interpreted the bindi as a drop of menstrual fluid and the ha in sacred mantras as a woman's sound in the course of orgasm. Are those remoted circumstances of lack of understanding or hyperlinks in an institutionalized development of bias pushed by way of definite civilizational worldviews? Are those educational pronouncements in accordance with facts, and the way conscientiously is that this facts cross-examined? How do those photographs of India and Indians created within the American Academy impact public perceptions during the media, the schooling method, policymakers and pop culture? Adopting a politically neutral stance, this ebook, the made of a thorough multi-year examine venture, uncovers the invisible networks at the back of this Hinduphobia, narrates the Indian Diaspora's demanding situations to such scholarship, and records how those that dared to talk up were branded as harmful . The ebook hopes to impress critical debate. for instance: how do Hinduphobic works resemble previous American literature depicting non-whites as harmful savages desiring to be civilized through the West? Are India's inner social difficulties going to be controlled by way of overseas interventions within the identify of human rights? How do energy imbalances and systemic biases have an effect on the objectivity and caliber of scholarship? What are the rights of practitioner-experts in speaking again to academicians? what's the function of India's intellectuals, policymakers

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The Years of Rice and Salt by Kim Stanley Robinson

By Kim Stanley Robinson

With the incomparable imaginative and prescient and breathtaking element that introduced his now-classic Mars trilogy to shiny lifestyles, bestselling writer KIM STANLEY ROBINSON boldly imagines an alternative heritage of the final 700 years. In his grandest paintings but, the acclaimed storyteller constructs a global enormously varied from the single we know....

The Years of Rice and Salt

It is the fourteenth century and the most apocalyptic occasions in human historical past is determined to occur–the coming of the Black demise. historical past teaches us 3rd of Europe’s inhabitants used to be destroyed. yet what if? What if the plague killed ninety nine percentage of the inhabitants as a substitute? How may the realm have replaced? this can be a examine the historical past which can have been–a historical past that stretches throughout centuries, a heritage that sees dynasties and countries upward push and fall apart, a background that spans terrible famine and luxurious innovation. those are the years of rice and salt.

This is a universe the place the 1st send to arrive the recent global travels around the Pacific Ocean from China and colonization spreads from west to east. this can be a universe the place the economic Revolution is caused through the world’s maximum medical minds–in India. it is a universe the place Buddhism and Islam are the main influential and practiced religions and Christianity is in basic terms a old footnote.

Through the eyes of squaddies and kings, explorers and philosophers, slaves and students, Robinson renders an immensely wealthy tapestry. Rewriting background and probing the main profound questions as in simple terms he can, Robinson shines his notable gentle at the position of faith, tradition, strength, or even love on such an Earth. From the steppes of Asia to the shorelines of the Western Hemisphere, from the age of Akbar to the current and past, this is the beautiful tale of the construction of a brand new world.

From the Hardcover edition.

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Being Different: An Indian Challenge to Western Universalism by Rajiv Malhotra

By Rajiv Malhotra

India is greater than a country kingdom. it's also a distinct civilization with philosophies and cosmologies which are markedly designated from the dominant tradition of our instances - the West. India's non secular traditions spring from dharma which has no special an identical in Western frameworks. regrettably, within the rush to have a good time the turning out to be approval for India at the global level, its civilizational matrix is being co-opted into Western universalism, thereby diluting its uniqueness and strength. In Being varied: An Indian problem to Western Universalism, philosopher and thinker Rajiv Malhotra addresses the problem of a right away and sincere engagement on transformations, by means of reversing the gaze, repositioning India from being the saw to the observer and looking out on the West from the dharmic viewpoint. In doing so, he demanding situations many hitherto unexamined ideals that either side carry approximately themselves and every different. He highlights that whereas detailed old revelations are the foundation for Western religions, dharma emphasizes self-realization within the physique the following and now. He additionally issues out the vital team spirit that underpins dharma's metaphysics and contrasts this with Western concept and historical past as an artificial cohesion.
Erudite and interesting, Being diverse opinions stylish reductive translations and analyses the West's nervousness over distinction and fixation for order which distinction the inventive position of chaos in dharma. It concludes with a rebuttal of Western claims of universalism, whereas recommending a multi-cultural worldview.

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The Bhagavad Gita by Laurie L. Patton

By Laurie L. Patton

Author note: Simon Brodbeck (Introduction), Laurie L. Patton (Translator)
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A brilliant new translation of the jewel of Hindu spirituality

One of the glories of Sanskrit poetry, The Bhagavad Gita is the traditional religious textual content that kinds an elegant synthesis of the numerous strands of Hindu trust. Taken from the Mahabharata epic, it info a discussion among the divine Krishna and the human warrior Arjuna sooner than a amazing conflict during which Arjuna needs to make a decision even if to salary struggle opposed to his circle of relatives. Krishna imparts non secular enlightenment to Arjuna, educating him the trails of information, devotion, motion, and meditation, and supporting him to work out past the temporal to the everlasting. This new translation captures either the readability of Hindu philosophy and the great thing about Sanskrit poetry.

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Ramayana Stories in Modern South India: An Anthology by Paula Richman

By Paula Richman

While a few spiritual texts might stay static through the years, the Ramayana epic has been retold in a number of methods over the centuries and throughout South Asia. a few of the narrative's such a lot probing and cutting edge retellings have seemed in print in the final a hundred years within the area of South India. This assortment brings jointly, for the 1st time, glossy retellings translated from the 4 significant South Indian languages and from genres as assorted as drama, brief tales, poetry, and people tune. the decisions specialise in characters mostly visible as stigmatized or marginalized, and on issues principally ignored in earlier scholarship. Editor Paula Richman demonstrates that twentieth-century authors have used retellings of the Ramayana to query caste and gender inequality in provocative methods. This attractive anthology contains translations of twenty-two fundamental texts in addition to interpretive essays that offer historical past and frameworks for figuring out the stories.

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