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Britain's Medieval Castles by Lise E. Hull

By Lise E. Hull

The common development of castles in Britain begun once Duke William of Normandy set foot at the beaches of southern England in 1066. The castles that have been developed within the resulting centuries, and whose ruins nonetheless scatter the British geographical region this day, supply us with an everlasting list of the wishes and pursuits of the days. however the essence of the medieval castle—a constitution that's equivalent elements army, residential, and symbolic—reveals itself not just during the grandeur of such architectural masterpieces because the Tower of London, and the implementing nature of such royal apartments as Windsor, but in addition within the getting older masonry carvings, enduring battlements, and extra modest earthen ramparts that experience survived along them. via a feature-by-feature account of the architectural parts and strategies utilized in developing the medieval citadel, writer Lise Hull permits the a number of services of those multifarious types to polish via, and in so doing, lends a brand new energy to the thousand faces that the medieval global assumed to deter its enemies, encourage its associates, and keep an eye on its subjects.

This compelling research takes a different examine all the medieval castle's major roles: as an offensive presentation and protecting fortification, as a residential and administrative construction, and as a symbolic constitution demonstrating the prestige of its proprietor. every one bankruptcy specializes in one particular position and makes use of concrete architectural positive aspects to illustrate that point of the medieval fortress in Britain. A wealth of illustrations can also be supplied, as is a word list explaining the specified components of the fortress and their features. This publication could be of curiosity to scholars studying structure, the center a while, or army background, in addition to normal readers attracted to castles or contemplating a visit to Britain to monitor a few of these amazing websites themselves.

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Also known as "Oldbury," the fortification (which has been classified both as a ringwork and a motte) may have been used to stage sieges in 1155, 1321, and 1646. 15 13 14 BRITAIN'S MEDIEVAL CASTLES Constructing siege-works was a common tactic during the "Anarchy," the Civil War fought between King Stephen and Empress Matilda, both of whom claimed the throne as their rightful inheritance after Henry I's death in 1135. As his nephew, Stephen was Henry's closest living male heir. Matilda, on the other hand, was Henry's only legitimate daughter, and also the widow of the German emperor Henry V, who died in 1125.

The remains of plantation castles, like Monea, Tully, and Parke's castles, still scatter the Irish countryside. Located west of Enniskillen in Fermanagh, Monea Castle is arguably the best preserved of its kind. Built by the Reverend Malcolm Hamilton in 1616, in its heyday, Monea Castle consisted of a three-story tower house which measured 54 feet long by 20 feet wide. It also had what appears to be a typically Scottish bartizan at one corner and two rounded towers on the opposite side. The castle also featured a 9-foothigh bawn and a 300-foot-long enclosure wall.

At one time, ships could safely sail inland to the town's quay. Located just 153 feet from the river, the Fleming's castle probably featured earth and timber defenses, which were eventually replaced with stone. The basic plan of the original castle is easy to identify in the current remains. Initially, villagers may have lived in thatched huts on the hillsides close to the castle, whereas the wealthiest residents occupied prime property just beyond the castle walls. CASTLES AS OFFENSIVE WEAPONS Like his Norman predecessors, Edward I also recognized the strategic value of colonizing newly conquered lands with his own supporters.

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