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Border Liberties and Loyalties in North-East England, by Matthew Holford, Keith Stringer

By Matthew Holford, Keith Stringer

North-East England within the heart a long time was once honeycombed with self sustaining jurisdictions often called 'liberties', which diminished the Crown's direct authority within the sector. the best of those have been: Tynedale, Redesdale, Hexhamshire, Tynemouthshire, and the Palatinate of Durham. they've got by no means been the topic of complete research - even the Palatinate of Durham has now not got a book-length research due to the fact 1900 - and Tynedale has not often been studied in any respect. but the liberties are the most important for figuring out: (i) nearby and nationwide loyalty and identification; (ii) country formation in peripheral areas; and (iii) local strong point all through Britain. (12/1/10)

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1; RPD, ii, pp. 1261–2; DURH 3/2, f. 100r. 47 Admittedly some disputes over forfeits show that the bishop’s subjects might be ready to exploit the opposing claims of crown and liberty. Walter Selby forfeited the manor of Felling in 1318 because of his involvement in the ‘rebellion’ of Gilbert Middleton. Edward II granted the manor to Ralph Eppleton, while Beaumont granted it to his kinsman Aimery Trew. Eppleton obtained possession, but he himself forfeited the manor after the battle of Boroughbridge (1322).

J. 034; Year Books of the Reign of King Edward the Third: Year XVII, ed. L. O. Pike (RS, 1901), pp. 472–5. On the origin and meaning of these expressions, see J. W. Alexander, ‘The English palatinates and Edward I’, JBS, 22 (1983), pp. 1–22; J. Scammell, ‘The origin and limitations of the liberty of Durham’, EHR, 81 (1966), pp. 450–2. CCR 1349–54, p. 015. indd 19 4/3/10 16:12:50 BORDER LIBERTIES AND LOYALTIES present study: the liberty’s position in relation to the crown, the strength of its institutions, the structure of lordship and society, and the impact of the ‘law-state’ and ‘war-state’.

24 Brancepeth and Raby were at the heart of the Nevilles’ interests, but they also had extensive estates in Yorkshire, centred on Sheriff Hutton and Middleham. Other magnate families, conversely, had estates in the bishopric that were of very little significance in comparison to their other properties. 25 Ralph Fitzwilliam (d. 26 For all these reasons, Tyne and Tees did not neatly delimit a landed society. Most of the liberty’s magnates, and a number of its gentry, were accustomed to moving between different social and jurisdictional worlds.

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