By Harry J. Holzer, and Henry Chen Carolyn J. Hill
Booklet by way of Carolyn J. Hill, Harry J. Holzer, and Henry Chen
Read or Download Against the Tide: Household Structure, Opportunities, and Outcomes Among White and Minority Youth PDF
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Extra resources for Against the Tide: Household Structure, Opportunities, and Outcomes Among White and Minority Youth
Ideally, these survey months would be identical (or more similar) across the survey cohorts and years. Sample members’ self-reports of risky and criminal behaviors constitute a second limitation of the analyses. Self-reports, especially of risky behaviors or crime, may be underreported because of the stigma associated with these actions. Self-reports of criminal activity may be differentially underreported among blacks (Abe 2001; Hindelang, Hirschi, and Weis 1981; Viscusi 1986). It may be, however, that the stigma associated with these behaviors has fallen over time; we are not aware of more recent research investigating this issue.
Though there might be some value to the GED degree, we regard those with GEDs as being closer to high school dropouts than to graduates in their educational attainment (Cameron and Heckman 1993). Outcomes for Young Adults in Two Cohorts 49 9. High school graduates who might have attended college briefly but who have not completed at least one year are coded as having no postsecondary educational attainment. 10. While GPAs are available for the NLSY79, we do not report them here because making comparisons across time may be problematic due to possible differences in grading (not necessarily performance) over time.
Outcomes for Young Adults in Two Cohorts 37 concern whether the respondent reported ever engaging in less serious offenses (damaging property, stealing something valued at more than $50, or joining a gang) or more serious offenses (carrying a handgun, selling drugs, attacking someone, or being arrested). We also present a measure of ever having been incarcerated, based both on self-reports and on whether the interview ever took place while the respondent was incarcerated. 5 shows relatively high rates of self-reported activity in minor offenses such as ever damaging property (with over 40 percent of young respondents and roughly half of young men reporting such activity) and somewhat lower activity in more serious crime categories.