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Affect and Accuracy in Recall: Studies of 'Flashbulb' by Eugene Winograd, Ulric Neisser

By Eugene Winograd, Ulric Neisser

Reminiscences of unforeseen and emotional occasions (called ''flashbulb'' thoughts) have lengthy been the topic of theoretical hypothesis. The fourth Emory Symposium on Cognition introduced jointly every body who has performed examine on stories of the Challenger explosion, for you to achieve larger figuring out of the phenomenon of flashbulb thoughts: How do flashbulb thoughts examine with different kinds of reminiscences? Are they strangely actual, or particularly long-lived? Do they mirror the task of a unique mechanism, as has been urged? The booklet additionally addresses extra basic problems with have an effect on and accuracy: Do emotion and arousal increase reminiscence? if that is so, lower than what stipulations? by means of what physiological mechanisms?

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LARSEN Where: Jacksonville, Florida DetailQ: What was special about the crew? DetailA: There was a woman teacher among them Source: TV evening news ContextQ: What had kept me from noticing in the morning newspaper? ContextA: Jesper was an overnight guest, we talked over breakfast After 188 days had passed, I remembered none of the circumstances of watching the Challenger explosion news accurately, except that I was correct that the source was television news. Because I did not originally attach much significance to the event, this meager memory may be understandable.

The results will elucidate: 1. 2. memory and forgetting of the personal context of ordinary news ("potential flashbulbs"); memory and forgetting of the news events themselves (considered to be the "central events" of news memories); Potential flashbulbs: A baseline 3. 35 memory of High Context Confidence (HCC) news, attempting to suggest conditions and mechanisms that may turn ordinary news memories into flashbulbs. Besides the problem of flashbulb memories, memory of news is of obvious importance to current human ecology.

Effects of initial emotion If affect strengthens memory, we might expect the subjects' 1986 emotions to predict the accuracy of their 1988 recalls. But what were those original emotions? " 24 U. NEISSER AND N. HARSCH Although the responses to this question are richer than a numerical estimate would have been, they are also harder to interpret. We have tried several different ways of coding them, but none has produced a significant result. Here we describe only the simplest of these schemes, which we call SH (for "Shocked & Horrified").

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