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**Extra info for A History of Elementary Mathematics**

**Sample text**

Have been -written at It is in author gives tables of unitIt marks no progress over the arithmetic of Ahmes. fractions. For more than two thousand years Egyptian mathematics was his ancient predecessor stationary Ahmes, its I GEEECE Greek arithmetic and algebra, we first observe that the early Greeks were not automaths they acknowledged the Egyptian priests to have been their teachers. While in geometry the Greeks soon reached a height undreamed of by In passing to ; the Egyptian mind, they contributed hardly anything to the Not until the golden period of geometric art of calculation.

2 WERTHEIM, op. , p. 337. Whether it originated at the time of Archimedes or later is discussed by T. L. HEATH, Diophantos of Alexandria, Cambridge, 1885, pp. 1428 147. A HISTORY 34 Find the number of bulls OF MATHEMATICS and cows. high numbers, but to add to its This leads to excessively complexity, a second series of superadded, leading to an indeterminate equa tion of the second degree. conditions is Most of the problems in the Palatine Anthology, though Such puzzling to an arithmetician, are easy to an algebraist.

Or Volker, p. 393 ; ; GBEECE 27 = yf 2-. Other fractions were usually indicated by once with an accent and the denomina numerator the writing tor twice with a double accent. Thus, i J. As Thus, pt/3" WW = with the Egyptians; unit-fractions in juxtaposition are to be added. Like the Eastern nations, the Egyptians and Greeks employ two aids is not to computation, the abacus known what and finger symbolism. If the signs used in the latter were, but by the study of ancient statuary, bas-reliefs, and paintings this secret may yet be unravelled.