By José Saramago
Livro do escritor português José Saramago, A caverna (2000) disseca, através da história de pessoas comuns, o impacto destruidor da nova economia sobre as economias tradicionais e locais. Trata-se da história de uma família de oleiros que vê sua vida transformada com a chegada de um grande centro de compras à cidade.
O próprio shopping mall pode ser fisicamente comparado a uma caverna, mas a história vai além dessa comparação e traça paralelos inclusive com o mito da caverna de platão e a questão dos simulacros.
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Additional resources for A Caverna
45 Foram três dias de actividade intensa, de nervosa excitação, de um contínuo fazer e desfazer no papel e no barro. Nenhum deles queria admitir que o resultado da ideia e do trabalho que estavam a ter para lhe dar solidez poderia ser uma recusa seca, sem outras explicações que dizerem-lhes, O tempo desses bonecos já passou. Náufragos, remavam em direcção a uma ilha sem saberem se se tratava de uma ilha real ou do fantasma dela. Dos dois, o mais habilidoso para o desenho era Marta, por isso foi ela quem se encarregou da tarefa de transpor para o papel os seis tipos escolhidos, aumentando-os, pelo clássico processo da quadrícula, ao tamanho exacto com que os bonecos deveriam ficar depois de cozidos, um palmo bem medido, não dos dela, que tem a mão pequena, mas do pai.
Quanto ao palhaço, os problemas vão ser muito mais sérios, só pela razão de ser pobre. Se, em vez do maltrapilho pobrete que é, fosse palhaço rico, uma cor viva qualquer, brilhante, salpicada de lantejoulas distribuídas ao acaso pelo barrete cónico, pela camisa e pelos calções, resolveria a questão. Mas o palhaço é pobre, pobre de pobreza, veste uma trapagem sem gosto nem critério, heterogénea, ponta abaixo, ponta acima, um colete que lhe chega aos joelhos, umas calças anchas pela barriga da perna, um colarinho onde três pescoços entrariam à larga, um laço que parece uma ventoinha, uma camisa delirante, uns sapatos como faluas.
O cão adiantou um passo, outro passo, outro ainda, sem se deter mais, até vir colocar-se ao alcance do braço de quem o chamava. Cipriano Algor estendeu a mão direita, quase a tocar-lhe as ventas, e esperou. O cão fungou algumas vezes, depois alongou o pescoço, e o seu nariz frio foi roçar as pontas dos dedos que o solicitavam. A mão do oleiro avançou lentamente para a orelha do seu lado e acariciou-a. O cão deu o passo que faltava, Achado, Achado, disse Cipriano Algor, não sei que nome tinhas antes, a partir de agora o teu nome é Achado.